Trademark Symbols and its meanings | TM-™, R-® & C-© Symbols

Trademark Symbols and its meanings | TM-™, R-® & C-© Symbols

Trademark symbols and copyright symbols

The symbols TM, R, and C are commonly employed along with a trademark or copyright in order to convey specific information related to the registration of intellectual property. These symbols are used in several ways, as outlined below.

™ – TM Symbol ©

When a request for the official registration of a trademark is submitted to the trademark registry, the TM symbol is employed. Essentially, the purpose of the TM symbol is to alert individuals who may infringe upon or illegitimately replicate the trademark that an official application has been filed.

SM Symbol

The SM, which stands for Service Mark, is a symbol utilized in trademark applications that are submitted in categories 35-45. In class 1-34, some applicants choose to use the TM symbol instead. However, it is also acceptable to use the SM symbol for trademark applications submitted in class 35-45 or to use TM for all classes.

® – R Symbol

proper registration is not permitted and may result in legal consequences. The registration process involves submitting an application to the appropriate authority, which assesses the trademark for uniqueness and distinctiveness before granting registration. Once registration is obtained, the trademark holder has legal rights to use and protect the trademark. trademark registration is unlawful.

©- C Symbol

The © symbol stands for  copyright This paragraph explains the concept of copyright and how it is indicated with the use of the C symbol. This symbol is used to protect various types of creative works such as art, photography, writing, and videos. In some countries, it is compulsory to use the © symbol to claim copyright protection, while in others it is not a legal requirement. However, even if it is not mandatory, using this symbol can help protect against copyright infringement by alerting potential violators to the creator’s legal rights. India is a member of the Berne Convention, which requires the use of the © symbol to claim copyright protection.

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